Count Hans-Jürgen von Blumenthal was born on February 23,1907 in Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany. He was born into a Lutheran aristocratic family. During the hyperinflation of 1923, his family lost everything. After completing his education, he joined Stalhelm (Steel Helmet Association), a conservative and fundamentally monarchist organization. In the early 1930s, he joined the Nazi Party and the SA. By 1934, he distanced himself from the Nazi Party. He was also an anti-Communist. During “The Night of the Knives”, he narrowly missed being killed because he was with Hermann Göring. In 1935, he joined the Wehrmacht. By 1938, he was part of the German Resistance against Adolf Hitler. He was part of the conspiracy to kill Hitler before he planned to invade the Sudetenland. However, before the conspirators could act, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain brokered a peace deal that allowed Hitler the Sudetenland with the promise he did not demand more territory. He saw action during World War II. During Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, his right arm got badly wounded and was rendered useless. He was in the army hospital until December 1942. He quickly became involved in the German Resistance again. In 1943, he was promoted to Major. By 1944, he was part of the plot to assassinate Nazi leader Adolf Hitler and get Germany out of World War II. On July 20,1944, Count Claus von Stauffenberg attempted to assassinate Hitler with a bomb. Unfortunately, Hitler survived. Stauffenberg and his co-conspirators were executed on Hitler’s orders on July 21,1944. On July 23, Blumenthal was arrested by the Gestapo. He was put on trial by the German People’s Court for high treason. He was found guilty and sentenced to death. On October 13,1944, he was executed at Plötzensee Prison in Berlin.