The report was released by The New Atlantis, A Journal of Technology & Society. The authors of the report are Lawrence S. Mayer, M.B., M.S., Ph.D. who is a scholar in residence in the Department of Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and a professor of statistics and biostatistics at Arizona State University and Paul R. McHugh, M.D. who is a University Distinguished Service Professor of Psychiatry and a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He was for twenty-five years the psychiatrist-in-chief at the Johns Hopkins Hospital.
The report is broken down into three parts. The first part focuses on sexual orientation and examines “whether concepts such as heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality represent distinct, fixed, and biologically determined properties of human beings.” It also takes a look at the ‘born that way’ theory that many gay and transgender like to use to justify their behavior.
Part two of the report focuses on the many health issues and concerns that are attributed to those who consider themselves gay or transgender. It was reported that “Large-scale health surveys suggested that rates of substance abuse are up to one third higher for the LGBT sub-population. Combined worldwide studies showed up to 50% higher rates of mental disorders and substance abuse among persons self-identifying in surveys as lesbian, gay, or bisexual. Lesbian or bisexual women showed higher levels of substance abuse, while gay or bisexual men had higher rates of depression and panic disorder.”
The second part of the report also highlighted that “In a 2008 meta-analysis of research on mental health outcomes for non-heterosexuals, University College London professor of psychiatry Michael King and colleagues concluded that gays, lesbians, and bisexuals face “higher risk of suicidal behavior, mental disorder and substance misuse and dependence than heterosexual people.” The conclusion to the research from Michael King and his colleagues as that “LGBT people are at higher risk of mental disorder, suicidal ideation, substance misuse, and deliberate self harm than heterosexual people.”
The third and final part of the report focuses on gender identity and first the author wants to clarify the meaning of ‘gender’ and ‘sex.’ According to the American Psychological Association, “Sex is assigned at birth, refers to one’s biological status as either male or female, and is associated primarily with physical attributes such as chromosomes, hormone prevalence, and external and internal anatomy. Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for boys and men or girls and women. These influence the ways that people act, interact, and feel about themselves. While aspects of biological sex are similar across different cultures, aspects of gender may differ.”
Simone de Beauvoir in her feminist book The Second Sex which was published in 1949 said that “one is not born, but becomes a woman.”
“This notion is an early version of the now familiar distinction between sex as a biological designation and gender as a cultural construct: though one is born, as the APA explains, with the “chromosomes, hormone prevalence, and external and internal anatomy” of a female, one is socially conditioned to take on the “roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes” of a woman,” says Mayer.
To conclude their report Mayer and McHugh state that, “The suggestion that we are “born that way” is more complex in the case of gender identity. In one sense, the evidence that we are born with a given gender seems well supported by direct observation: males overwhelmingly identify as men and females as women. The fact that children are (with a few exceptions of intersex individuals) born either biologically male or female is beyond debate. The biological sexes play complementary roles in reproduction, and there are a number of population-level average physiological and psychological differences between the sexes.”
“In reviewing the scientific literature, we find that almost nothing is well understood when we seek biological explanations for what causes some individuals to state that their gender does not match their biological sex.”
So what does this research say about what is now one of the biggest social issues of this generation? I’ll let you decide for yourself. Let me know what you think!
(H/T – The Christian Post)
Follow me on twitter at BYR_Miguel