Father Augustin Rösch, S.J., German Jesuit against Nazism

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Father Augustin Rösch, S.J. was born on May 11,1893 in Schwandorf, Bavaria, Germany to a devout Catholic family. In 1911, he joined the Jesuit order when he was 18. In 1914, when World War I broke out in Europe, he was drafted in the German Army and fought at Verdun. In 1925, he was ordained a Catholic priest. He held various leadership positions at Stella Matutina (Jesuit School) from 1925 to 1935. In 1935, he was named Jesuit Provincial, a position he held until 1945. He was a staunch critic of the Nazi Regime and was a significant figure in Catholic resistance to the Third Reich. He was also active in the Kreisau Circle, a German resistance group. When the coup against Hitler failed on July 20,1944, he went into hiding in a farm. He was found, arrested, tortured, and brought to Dachau concentration camp. He was sent to Berlin for interrogation and was later freed after the Red Army began advancing on Berlin. From 1947 to 1961, he was the head of Bavarian Caritas. He died on November 7,1961 in Munich, Bavaria, West Germany.

 

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